History of Bagan

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          Bagan (or Pagan) is an ancient city that was the capital of the first Burmese empire. It is a fairy-tale land drowning in ancient crumbling temples mostly from the 11 to 13 centuries A.D., golden pagodas, and dirt paths winding around the scrub-like greenery. It is located in the dry central plains of the country, on the eastern bank of the Irrawaddy River. There are more than 2,000 pagodas and temples to be found, most of which were built by the ancient kings and leaders of Burma.
Pagan’s importance lies in its heritage rather than its present. It was first built probably in AD 849 and. from the 11th century to the end of the 13th. was the capital of a region roughly the size of modern Myanmar. In 1287 it was overrun by the Mongols during their wide-ranging conquests. and it never recovered its position. though a little desultory building continued on Buddhist shrines.

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Among these pagodas. there are four most famous pagodas which has the special features as follows:
Dhu = Dhammayan (The thickest)
Nyan = Thabinnyu (The Omniscient)
Anu = Ananda (The most sculptural)
Thakho = Shwezigon (The most powerful)
The old pagan was a walled city. The western flank on the Ayeyarwaddy rests. It was the center of a network of highways through which its rules could command a large region of fertile plains and could dominate other important Myanmar dynastic cities, Like Pegu. From the port of Thiripyissaya. Down in the river, Important foreign trade conducted with India, Ceylon, And other parts of Southeast Asia. The walls of the old town. Within of which is a substantial area of the modern city. Probably originally, it contained only real, aristocratic, religious, And administrative building. It is believed that the population lived in households very similar to those occupied by the current residents of lightweight construction.

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Between 500 and 950 people in the Burman ethnic group was infiltrated from the north in a region infiltrated by other peoples; These people had already converted to the religion of India. Above all Buddhism Mahayana in Bihar and Bengal. Under King Anawrahta (ruled 1044-1077). The burmanes ethnic finally conquered the other peoples of the region. Including a city called Monday. These were formerly dominant in the south. They transported the mon royal family and scientists and craftsmen to Pagan. Become the capital and the center of an official. Fundamentalist Hinayana Buddhism (Theravada) adopted by Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Around 1056 this initiated the period of heathen size. At first held by artistic traditions of Mo. The great number of monasteries and built and maintained for the next 200 years pilgrimage church was possible, both by the great wealth of the royal treasure and the great number of slaves. Learned and unskilled. Whose working life was dedicated to the support of individual organs. The city became one of the most important centers of Buddhist learning.

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Top 5 Places You Should Visit in Yangon

          Mingalarbar (pronounced in a sing song-y way “Ming-ga-la-ba) is the cheerful greeting you hear when you reach Myanmar every time. Yangon is the capital and one of the historic city of Myanmar. Here are the top 5 places you should go when you reach Yangon for the first time.

1. Shwedagon Pagoda

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If you visit Yangon, I firstly recommend to go to Shwedagon Pagoda. The pagoda is well over 2,500 years old and it is very extensive. It holds 8 hairs of the Gautama Buddha and this was the reason for building the Pagoda in the first place. When you reach there, make a clockwise circulation and enjoy the views of the myriad of pagodas. It is also a place of rich history, culture and myth. You can also enjoy the rich golden reflections from the pagoda especially from its rims and the natural back light from the sun changing hue and intensity as the sun sets and watch the evening colors transform into amber and or Ange hues. It is the best time to take photos and I am sure you will get unique scenes of Shwedagon Pagoda.

How to get there: The easiest way to get to the Shwedagon Pagoda from downtown Yangon is to take a taxi. From downtown, Taxi fees will be 2,000 Kyats
Open hours: 4 am – 10 pm daily
Price: 8,000 Kyats ($8.11) for entrance into the pagoda

2. Sule Pagoda

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The next place you should go in Yangon is Sule Pagoda. It is located next to the city hall. Outside Sule Pagoda, visit a palm reader or buy a few of the little doves anxiously trapped in cages, waiting to be liberated. I recommend to go there by foot in the night time if you visit Shwedagon Pagoda in the daytime as the night view of Sule Pagoda will impress you. Take photos on the footbridge near the Pagoda. Enjoy the night view of the downtown area.

How to get there: If you are in central downtown Yangon, you can easily find the Sule Pagoda, it’s the main roundabout intersection right in the middle of downtown
Open hours: 6 am – 8 pm daily
Price: $3 for entrance into the pagoda

3. Bogyoke Aung San Market

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Most of the local people say it is one of the best markets located in downtown Yangon. If you want to purchase souvenirs for your friends or relatives, this historical market is definitely the best. You can find many shops are selling authentic jade and jewelry and also local products like Pathein umbrella (I’m sure you will like it) and drawings. I recommend to do a little scouting around before buying something on the first store you see. I am sure you will leave this place with s slimmer wallet.

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In this photo taken on May 17, 2015, a girl paints on an umbrella in Pathein township, Ayeyarwady Delta, Myanmar. (AP Photo/Khin Maung Win)

How to get there: The easiest way to get to there is to take a taxi. From downtown, Taxi fees will be 1,500 Kyats
Open hours: 9 am – 5 pm daily (Except Sunday)

4. Yangon Railway Station

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Yangon railway station is the architecture of 19th century. There, you can take the Yangon circular railroad. Taking a ride on the Yangon circular railroad is not really a traditional attraction at all, but it’s a great way to experience and observe the life and culture in around the outskirts of town. The seats are hard and there is no air-con so it won’t be the most comfortable three-hours train journey of your life, but it will be one of the most interesting ride in your lifetime. You will also see people walking up and down selling fruits, vegetables and various fried foods. I recommend to bring some water and food before taking a ride.

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How to get there: The train departs from Yangon Central Railroad station, which is located just north of the Sule Pagoda, in-between Sule Pagoda road and Pansodan street. I walked from the Sule Pagoda, and it took about 10 minutes.
Open hours: The easiest place to start is Yangon Central Station from platforms 6 and 7. (but the attendant will tell you exactly about every 30 minutes – 1 hour starting in the morning)
Price: 300 Kyats ($0.30) for a ticket

5. Kandawgyi Park

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This is a place to visit at the end of the day after the bustle of Yangon centre. It is peaceful just to sit at the side of the lake and watch the world go by. Whilst the lake is man-made, it is quite beautiful in parts. You can walk or exercise with beautiful views of the lake, the Karawiek Palace, and the Shwedagon Pagoda in the background. If you go in the evening, on a nice day (when it’s not raining), you’ll have a fantastic sunset view of the Shwedagon Pagoda.

How to get there: It’s easiest to take a taxi from downtown Yangon for 1,000 – 2,000 Kyats
Open hours: 4 am – 10 pm daily
Price: 300 Kyats ($.30) for restaurant area, 2,000 Kyats ($2.02)

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